Important Dates - Jr & Sr
Studying abroad is compatible with majoring in physics, but students need to plan carefully in order to be able to spend a semester or year abroad. One warning is that the study of physics is “sequential”; there is an order in which various courses must be completed. Hence, physics students need to satisfy various requirements before they can declare a physics major. It is also important to keep in mind that the most intense year for a physics major is the junior year, when physics students usually take two physics courses and a math course per semester, on top of two junior papers. The senior year is almost exclusively dedicated to independent research work, and it does not make sense to do that abroad, as a major part of the Princeton experience is to work with Princeton professors. Moreover, the senior year is when students apply for graduate schools or for jobs, so it is important for them to be in the country at that stage. A detailed schedule of physics prerequisites and requirement can be found
Here is a brief summary, with implications for study abroad:
The department will allow students to fulfill the sophomore year prerequisites abroad, provided the departmental representative pre-approves the courses. We will also accept fulfillment of the mathematics prerequisites, as long as the physics (or math) departmental representative grants pre-approval. Indeed, if a prospective physics student is really interested in spending a year or a semester abroad, we recommend he/she does it during his/her sophomore year, as this is the simplest option of all. The main issue is to find a match for PHY208 that is an adequate preparation for PHY305.
- Prerequisites: As freshmen, prospective physics majors need to take the PHY103/4 or 105/6 sequence and multivariable calculus and linear algebra. As sophomores, they need to take analytic mechanics (PHY207 or PHY205) and Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (PHY208). PHY208 also counts as a requirement toward a physics major, and is followed by a more advanced QM course (PHY305) in the fall of the junior year, which builds upon the material covered in PHY208.
Therefore, students who want to go abroad during their junior year are advised to take during their sophomore year at least one core course of the junior semester in which they plan to study abroad. They could postpone the other core course to the senior year, or try to find an institution abroad where that specific course is offered during their semester abroad.
- Core courses: The physics core courses during junior year are: PHY 301 and PHY 305 in the fall, PHY 304 and PHY 312 in the spring. One might be able to find the equivalent of one or two of these courses abroad, but it is hard to find them in the right sequence and in the right semester. It is probably easier to find the equivalent of the 300-level math courses (one of which being complex analysis), which are also part of the physics requirements.
- Electives: One elective can be pre-approved as a departmental on study abroad.
- Junior independent work (JIW): Physics students have two independent projects, one in each term. It is possible to do one of them during a semester abroad, but the department does not allow to do both of them abroad. Consequently, at most a student could take one semester off during the junior year. Early concentrators, though, have the option to do their first JP in the spring of their sophomore years. It would be advisable to arrange the JP abroad while the student is still in Princeton, hopefully through some physics faculty member who knows scientists at the other institution, and can act as a second reader for the JP. In any case, the student who does a JP abroad needs to secure a faculty member in the physics department as second reader.
ADVICE: If you are interested in majoring in physics and spending a year/semester abroad, talk to the physics departmental representative as soon as you get to Princeton as a freshman.
- Senior year: The department does not encourage students to spend their senior year or a senior semester
Possible institutions abroad:
In past years, physics majors have looked at the following institutions and found programs somewhat compatible with ours:
Oxford University. Princeton has a special exchange program with Oxford, but this university only accepts exchange students for a full year.
Bristol University. It offers a Quantum Mechanics course in the spring semester that could substitute for PHY 208 (possibly up to extra homework assignments).
Ecole Centrale (Paris). We have contacts with this institution, and it offers acceptable equivalents of Princeton courses.
Ecole Polytechnique (Paris). As above.
University of Cape Town
The Physics department can only advice students on the course of study. The logistics of the year abroad should be dealt with through the Study Abroad Program of Princeton University
Physics students who are interested in a research experience abroad should also look into the possibility of summer internships abroad. Some of them are listed on the departmental summer opportunities webpage
Students can also look into the International Internship program of Princeton University
Math in Moscow
The physics department can only offer physics advice on internships at foreign institutions, but the funding and the logistics need to be dealt with through IIP.