Related Research Groups
Condensed Matter Experiment
Condensed matter physics and biophysics may be described as the
search for simple, unifying
explanations for complicated phenomena observed in liquids and solids. Advances in the field lead to
universal concepts that govern the
behavior of a large number of particles. Modern research embraces
both "quantum" systems (the behavior of
electrons in solids at low temperature) and "soft" condensed
matter (liquid crystals, polymers, and
biological structure are examples).
At Princeton, experimentalists are active in superconductivity in organic metals, magnetism in spin-chain materials, the physics of nanometer-scale structures, high-temperature superconductors, ferromagnetic oxides, charge and spin density wave compounds, mesoscopic properties of subnanometer wires, quantum control of single electron spins, and the Fractional Quantized Hall Effect.
In "soft" condensed matter physics,
experimental interest includes research on sedimentation, lyotropic
liquid crystals, pattern formation in
physical and biological systems, and crystallization of
The work in biophysics is an extension
of the interests of the "soft" condensed matter faculty.
Experimental areas include the
understanding of molecular motors, the dynamics of DNA, the physics
of biomembranes, biopolymers and
proteins, and probes of cellular structure.
Experimentalists and theorists work
closely on many of the projects. Experimental facilities include an
x-ray spectrometer for investigating
changes on the millisecond time scale and a compact free-electron
laser for picosecond spectroscopy.
Experiments using the intense synchrotron x-ray source at the
Advanced Photon Source are also being
planned. Some of the experiments are collaborations with
Robert H. Austin:
Protein and DNA dynamics from the molecular to polymeric levels,
development of a free-electron laser.
M. Zahid Hasan:
Topological Order, Spin-liquids,
Quantum Spin Hall effect, Novel High Tc
Superconductors, Frustrated Electrons,
Quantum Computing, X-ray FELs,
Biophysics- protein folding
Experimental condensed matter physics and mesoscopic quantum optics. Quantum control: coherent manipulation of electron spins, storage and retrieval of quantum information, coupling solid state to flying qubits.
Nai Phuan Ong:
Strange-metal aspects of the cuprate superconductors, vortex
lattice melting and dynamics, Josephson plasma oscillations,
giant magnetoresistance in manganites, and scanning Hall probe imaging.
Experimental condensed matter physics, Nanoscale and high precision
measurements on correlated and low-dimensional electronic systems. Scanning
probe microscopy and spectroscopy.
A S S O C I A T E D F A C U L T Y:|
Pattern formation in free surface films; Instabilities in systems
governed by non-normal operators; Flow behavior and slip effects
in confined geometries; Microfluidics; Marangoni phenomena; Wall
induced phase separation
Daniel C. Tsui: (Elec Eng)
1. Transport of super-mobile 2D electrons in Si
2. Two-dimensional metal-insulator transition
Paul M. Chaikin: (at NYU)
Professor Emeritus at Princeton, currently teaching at NYU.
Effects of dimensionality, Coulomb correlation, and
disorder in condensed matter systems, spin-density-wave states and
superconductivity in organic metals, superconducting wire networks, colloidal physics,
sedimentation in fluidized beds.